Land ownership issues in Ukraine are painful because they accumulate contradictory social and business interests. Therefore, while introducing the land market, Ukraine has to choose between highly productive agricultural production and social welfare in rural communities. International experience of land reform in countries that are constantly used as examples for Ukraine (Russia, Moldova, Georgia, Baltic countries, Poland, Hungary and Brazil) confirms this. In each of these countries private ownership and land market were formed with a specific purpose – either to achieve a high level of agricultural production or to develop a mechanism of social protection for population living in rural areas. Unfortunately, it is hard to combine these two goals.
For more details about land issue in different countries, please, see the report «International experience of land reform: Why there is no panacea» (ukr).