Publications

People in Ukraine are already got used to budget embezzlement. All efforts to fight corruption have resulted only in increase of bribes. And the traditional rotation of party symbols at the state offices never reflected on the scale of embezzlement – people change, but the schemes remain untouched. How can we fight this disease in our environment? In Latin America the problem with solved through introduction of public control over the budget process. In this context, participatory budgeting in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre was an impressive story of success: just in few years the main budget issues at the city were adopted through general assemblies and the quality of life in the city reached its highest level in Brazil.

Decision-making practice in Ukraine often suffers from short-sightedness. Orientation on “low-hanging fruits” moves the costs of such decisions to the shoulders of future generations. Excise policy of the last five years was not an exception from this rule. Due to currency crisis in 2008 the government was forced to compensate budget shortfall with substantial increase of excise duties. But within few years tobacco contraband reached 8.8% of tobacco market thus raising the question of alternative cost of such aggressive policy. Under such circumstances, the government should take into account the European experience and develop schedule of excise increase considering average incomes’ growth. Such approach should minimize the side effects of raising excisable goods’ prices.

Soviet ideology was emphasizing exclusivity of working class. It was stressed that welfare was created by real production only. Trade and other forms of intermediation were branded ‘speculations’ which were believed to parasitize on the body of society. Still the reality of a healthy economic life is somewhat different to what the Soviet ideology was saying and real production is only one, usually not the most important, element of the whole economic process.

In 2010 healthcare reform has started in Ukraine. At the pilot regions (Vinnytska, Dnipropetrovska and Donnetska oblasts and Kyiv city) primary healthcare has been developing very fast. Although the reform might have solved many perennial problems of Ukrainian healthcare system, the process, in our opinion, remains more formal rather than target-oriented. As a result, a lot of myths appeared about the reform, many of which are just a result of poor communication with stakeholders.

Dec 20, 2013

School counselors

School counselors, whose primary responsibilities include help in career management, i.e. choosing future profession and university, are common in many countries. Ukrainian schools fail to pay proper attention to the question of career management, this concerns not just help in choosing profession, but especially the higher education institution. Ukrainian legislation prescribes schools to have psychologists and/or social educators, however, they do not deal with the questions of university choice. What is being undertaken in Ukraine on governmental level and on local initiatives level to attract school graduates to Ukrainian universities?

When analyzing economic phenomena, people often make the same mistakes as their ancestors who believed that allegedly Sun revolves around the Earth. However, economic illusions, unlike the example with Sun, not only prevent us from exploring the world but have very important impact on our well-being. As far as the economy is the science of how this wealth is created. In this respect, to refute many economic illusions dominating our society, we launch a series of articles “Debunking economic illusions”. The series target encouraging the reader to reflect on some simple facts, which poor understanding is the prime cause of our ongoing economic problems.

When analyzing economic phenomena, people often make the same mistakes as their ancestors who believed that allegedly Sun revolves around the Earth. However, economic illusions, unlike the example with Sun, not only prevent us from exploring the world but have very important impact on our well-being. As far as the economy is the science of how this wealth is created. In this respect, to refute many economic illusions dominating our society, we launch a series of articles “Debunking economic illusions”. The series target encouraging the reader to reflect on some simple facts, which poor understanding is the prime cause of our ongoing economic problems.

Deregulation in Ukraine was quite efficient at the end of 90th – at that time deregulation triggered fast increase of small and medium enterprises (SME) at the country. At the same time, seemingly similar economic policy declared in 2010 by President Viktor Yanukovicth (and presented at the Reform program) had quite opposite effect: number of SME halved from 2010 till 2011, more than 2 mln jobs have been destroyed. In our research we showed that this time deregulation did not work primarily due to half-baked and inconsistent policy measures of the government, which appeared to be at odds with the initial declarations.

We often hear that our university teachers are poor, that teaching materials are outdated, classrooms need renovation, etc. “The problem is insufficient funding” – you might say: “the state is not financing higher education well enough.” In fact, Ukraine takes one of the leading positions in the world in terms of funding higher education, allocating more than 2% of GDP annually. Moreover, the level of private funding, that is, fees paid by ‘contract’ students, is also not lagging behind the world level, accounting for 0.7% of GDP.

Given the prominent role of SMEs in economic development, state policy is needed to increase SMEs access to financing. In 2012 eight out of 27 regions did not provide any financial support. The largest amounts of financial support between UAH 1 mln and UAH 2 mln were granted in Kyiv, Odesa region, Lugansk region and Ivano-Frankivk region to only 10-13 small enterprises. The small number of supported enterprises along with small amount of support makeі this instrument negligible in raising SMEs access to financing. Under the current budget constrains the regional policy should primarily focus not on direct financial support, but, instead, on more efficient instruments, especially efficient business environment deregulation for local SMEs.

Переглянути архів по роках