It is normal for all plans to be revised and improved. However, the recently approved “National action plan 2012” looks like a step back. It dilutes or postpones for the future crucial reforms, aimed at strengthening of competitive environment and property rights. Among diluted reforms appeared to be the issue of inspections, housing reform and the problem of agro-land market. Technical reforms have been distorted not that dramatically, however, still are delayed.
A year and a half have already passed since the start of Viktor Yanukovich reform. The ambitious transformation plan has showed noticeable progress on many directions. However, so far none, including the authorities’ representatives, can call the reformation efforts successful. Properly outlined priorities and action plan stumbled on financial and political interests of various influential groups, what, naturally, stipulated for a large-scale ‘correction’ of the reform plan. Apparently every plan needs to be updated with time. However, comparative analysis of the new reform action plan showed that ‘reformators’ have already skipped many initially positive initiatives.
Over the last two years Ukraine has implemented many policy changes outlined at the President Reform Program for 2010-2014. Despite the large number of bills and laws approved through 2010-2011, the program lags behind the outlined schedule and none of the reforming priorities has reached the declared goals. Some of the adopted regulations are quite positive; however, still the initiatives have quite limited effect due to existent practices for administrative pressure, corruption and poor confidence on judicial power. Large number of approved laws and regulations are simply technical, which means that the essence of the problems they addressed remains unchanged. Positive steps were observed in reformation of healthcare, education, and pension system, however, so far no fundamental changes happened at the areas. Some of the reform priorities remained untouched. For instance, in electricity sector and oil and gas sector, where business and political interests are closely interlinked, powerful business-groups simply blocked any reforms. In general, the reformation process is poorly transparent. Moreover, for many important directions the authorities ignore public opinion consulting with civil society players only formally.
Huge production capacity of Ukrainian oil refineries for long has been underused. This led to the increase in import of oil products. Nowadays local producers became less price competitive because of unstable foreign exchange rate, which may only increase foreign fuel presence on the market.
This report reflects three major challenges that Ukrainian coal mining sector is currently facing: deficit of steam coal at power stations conditioned by increase in consumption, disruption of coking coal supplies from Russia and hourly wage introduction initiated with an aim to reduce high death rates.
At this report we present an overview of the Ukrainian heating sector. It covers pipelines infrastructure and generation capacitites as well as tariffs policy and modernisation issues.
CASE Ukraine continues monitoring of Ukrainian energy industry. At this report we present an overview of the recent developments of gas market in Ukraine. It covers domestic extraction and consumption tendencies, gas transit and storage issues as well as domestic tariffs policies.
This paper provides a description of electricity market in Ukraine. The analysis is concentrated on the following issues: market structure (generation, transmission, distribution), regulation (regulating bodies and their functions), ownership structure, electricity tariffs and payment discipline. Language: English
Presentation was prepared for the Summit on Biofuel Research and Business Opportunities in Ukraine, which was held on December 9-10 in Kyiv, Ukraine. Presentation offers historical overview and analysis of current situation of Polish biofuel market.
Presentation was prepared for the Conference “Issues of liquid bio-fuel production and consumption in Ukraine”, which was held on 28 November, 2007